What is Hajj and Why is it Important to a Muslim?  

  • By: Javier Avilés
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Hajj is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, a sacred pilgrimage that holds immense importance in the lives of Muslims worldwide. This annual spiritual journey to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia carries deep historical, cultural, and religious significance. Hajj is a demonstration of faith and a unifying force that brings together diverse individuals from all parts of the globe. 

Importance of Hajj 

Obedience to the Divine Command 

The significance of Hajj lies primarily in its connection to Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his family. Muslim pilgrims believe that Prophet Ibrahim and his son Isma’il (Ishmael) were commanded by Allah (God) to construct the Kaaba. It is the sacred cube-shaped structure at the centre of the Masjid al-Haram Mosque in Mecca.

The performance of Hajj reenacts their devotion and submission to the will of Allah (SWT) will, emphasising the importance of obedience to divine commands. By following in their footsteps, pilgrims demonstrate their willingness to surrender to God’s guidance and seek His forgiveness and blessings. 

Equality and Unity 

Hajj is a powerful symbol of unity and equality within the Muslim ummah (community). During the pilgrimage, all pilgrims must be in the sacred state of Ihram, which includes dressing in simple white garments and forsaking any display of wealth or social status. Regardless of nationality, race, or economic background, all pilgrims stand side by side, performing the same rituals and demonstrating a sense of brotherhood and sisterhood.  

Spiritual Purification and Renewal 

Hajj is a profound spiritual journey to purify the soul and seek forgiveness for past sins. The rituals performed during Hajj carry deep symbolic meaning. The act of walking around the Kaaba (Tawaf) symbolises the perpetual movement of the celestial bodies and emphasises the eternal nature of Allah (SWT). Standing at Mount Arafat (Wuquf) is a moment of intense supplication and reflection, where Muslims seek divine mercy and guidance. This is where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered his final sermon. 

Hajj is a profound expression of devotion, unity, and spiritual cleansing for Muslim pilgrims worldwide. By undertaking this sacred pilgrimage, believers reaffirm their faith, seek forgiveness, and foster a sense of unity within the global Muslim community. The rituals performed during Hajj carry deep historical and symbolic significance, linking pilgrims to the legacy of Prophet Ibrahim and his family. 

Purpose of Hajj 

A Pilgrimage of Obedience 

The primary purpose of Hajj lies in fulfilling one of the Five Pillars of Islam. As outlined in the Quran, every Muslim who is physically and financially able is obligated to perform Hajj at least once in their lifetime. By undertaking this journey, Muslims demonstrate their submission and obedience to the command of Allah (SWT), acknowledging their willingness to put aside their personal desires in favour of His will. 

Despite the physical demands of Hajj, many pilgrims persist in travelling the routes while using canes or crutches. Sometimes charities or local authorities provide financial assistance to those who cannot afford the Hajj. Some even go hundreds of kilometres on foot, taking months to reach Saudi Arabia. 

Fostering Unity and Equality 

Hajj is a powerful demonstration of unity, as millions of Muslim pilgrims from diverse backgrounds and cultures come together in Mecca to perform the same rituals. The pilgrimage eliminates the barriers of race, nationality, and social status, emphasising that all Muslims are equal in the eyes of Allah (SWT). Wearing the simple white garmentsstrips away distinctions in clothing, further reinforces this sense of equality and humility before the Creator. 

Absolution and Renewal 

Hajj is believed to cleanse the soul of sins, allowing Muslims to start afresh with a clean slate. By completing the rituals of Hajj with sincerity and devotion, pilgrims seek forgiveness and hope for a better future. The experience of standing at the plain of Arafat encourages deep introspection and spiritual rejuvenation. 

Testing One’s Endurance and Faith 

Hajj demands physical and mental endurance. The journey involves long walks, crowded conditions, and other challenges. The physical struggles encountered during Hajj remind pilgrims of the trials faced by the prophets and their unwavering faith in Allah (SWT). It teaches the pilgrims patience, perseverance, and reliance on  the support of Allah (SWT) to overcome difficulties. 

An Act of Supplication and Gratitude 

For many Muslims, the annual Hajj pilgrimage is an opportunity to pray for their personal needs, the well-being of their families, and the greater Muslim community. While standing before the Kaaba—the sacred black cube at the centre of the Masjid al-Haram—pilgrims pour their hearts out in supplication and gratitude, seeking blessings and guidance from Allah (SWT). 

Rituals Performed During Hajj 

During Hajj, pilgrims enter a condition of spiritual purity called “ihram.” It is intended to help Muslim pilgrims remove signs of materialism, give up worldly pleasures, and put their spirituality ahead of their external appearance. 

Men wear seamless, white terrycloth attire, while women do not apply cosmetics or perfume and dress in loose-fitting clothing with a head covering. To emphasise the equality of all Muslims and prevent wealthy pilgrims from distinguishing themselves with high-quality clothes, it is banned for white garments to have any stitching. 

While in the state of Ihram, Muslims are not permitted to engage in sexual activity. Additionally, they are not allowed to cut their hair or nails. During the Hajj, pilgrims are likewise prohibited to quarrel, fight, or lose their temper. This can be particularly challenging with the overwhelming crowds and physical weariness of the trek, which inevitability puts the patience and tolerance of the pilgrims to the test. 

When Does Hajj Happen? 

Every year, the Hajj occurs in the same month of Dhul Hijjah. It is the twelfth month in the Islamic calendar. 

The Hajj season starts on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah and lasts until the 13th. 

The annual Hajj pilgrimage is carried out over five to six days. Eid al Adha lasts four days and starts when the new crescent moon is seen. Several ceremonies and rituals are included in the pilgrimage, some of which must be carried out in a specific sequence. 

During Hajj, pilgrims must travel between destinations often and might walk anywhere between 5 and 15 km each day, which can be physically taxing. Hajj is a spiritual, emotional, and physical endeavour that may be difficult to prepare for and, for many, is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. . 


Hajj is one of the most significant and profound acts of worship for Muslims worldwide. This five-day pilgrimage holds profound spiritual and historical importance, dating back to the time of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his family. The essence of Hajj extends beyond a mere physical journey; it symbolises unity, equality, and devotion to Allah (SWT). 

Through the rituals of Hajj, Muslim pilgrims are encouraged to purify their souls, renew their faith, and seek forgiveness. The transformative experience of Hajj leaves an indelible mark on the hearts of pilgrims. The pilgrimage reminds them of their Islamic responsibilities and reinforces their connection with their faith. 

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